Income and Poverty Data

Income and poverty information is produced by multiple agencies within the Federal Government. The data on this page are from the Statistics of Income division (SOI) of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for county income and from the Census Bureau’s Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program (SAIPE) for counties and school districts.

IRS County Income Data

The Statistics of Income (SOI) division of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) bases its county data on the addresses reported on individual income tax returns (Forms 1040) filed with the IRS.

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program

The U.S. Census Bureau’s Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program produces single-year estimates of income and poverty for all U.S. states and counties and school-age children enrolled in the country’s 13,000 plus school districts.